Study And Learn
Studying es a personal process, at least when we talk about the act of sitting in fron of a book and study. It can not be said that there is an only way to do it, or even a good way, but we can focus in the fact that certain basis are common conditions of studying, and there for they are going to repeat from person to person.
Every student will choose the place that make him more confortable, there are no obligations there, some may prefer silence, other backround music or even tv, the fact is that importance is elsewhere, distractions are our enemies, so we should avoid them. We can study alone or in groups, as long as everyone is focused in the task at hand.
Picking the exact place isn't easy, It shouldn't be where you usually sleep, it has to have sufficient light, be far from outer noises, your chair must be confortable and you have to be prepared for it. There is no point on forcing yourself into something you don't want at that time, do it when you feel like to, consider it as an exercise, you need practise to be good at it.
Now the problem is to do it, and the question is How? Well some recomendations are:
Begin with a general reading of the chapter, try to make an idea of what the autor is trying to say, see if you need to know other things, write down the words which meaning you don't know (have a dictionary near you) read all the chapter to the end, even if it is not required, usually you would need to read the whole book in order to get a good idea of what it's all about, but It's understandable that it's not always possible and in fact some times it's impractical.
Ask yourself if you really understood what you readed, remember that you are not competing against time, there is no use in being quick if you are not effective, read again until you fully understand everything, if some other reading is necesary do it.
Now read again, this time concentrate in details, try to extract ideas, you should have a pen and a notebook near youself, and take notes, you can even underline important concepts, try to summarise the text.
Read now your summary, add to it every detail that you may loose in the process that is important. Make questions to yourself, same as your teacher would ask, think about what a reader should know about the text, read again what it's not fully clear, thinl how would you explain the text to a person that didn't read it, imagine his questions and answer them. A person study as a self improvement act, not to please others, if you think you are studying for your teacher, remember that your goal is to pass the subject in order to obtain a degree, that's your true goal.
If you study math you should think to add exercise to this equation.